AKL EXTERMINATEUR, DEFENDERS OF YOUR PROPERTY AGAINST RATS
In Quebec, rats are one of the most common household pests that terrorize dozens of people. These unpleasant and noisy rodents can cause many problems. From disease to structural damage and material losses, especially food.
In addition, they are capable of gnawing any material and spoiling everything in their path to make their nests and reproduce. They are very adept at adapting and surviving in different environments, but prefer to invade houses, apartments, offices and any type of cozy building.
Rats will not hesitateto plunder your food and make their shelter. And if you don’t fight this pest fast, the situation can get complicated. This is because rats tend to leave a scent trail that will attract other rats, which means more rodents will invade your property!
So, if you are already dealing with this annoying household pest and want to eradicate it, then you are in the right place! Hire the most effective services in household pest control with AKL Exterminateur! We are the most qualified pest exterminators in all of Quebec.
Our company is committed to exterminating any rat infestation in your residential or commercial property! And so that you can recognize your enemy, let’s learn a little about this opportunistic rodent. Its presence can be deadly to your health and property!
At AKL Exterminateur, our priority is to control any insects and rodents to restore well-being and tranquility to you and your loved ones!
RAT DATA SHEET
Rats are mammals slightly larger than mice. They are classified as rodents. They can weigh up to 1 kg. Their bodies are more elongated, they have pointed heads, large eyes, prominent ears, thick fur and a shorter tail than mice.
They also have sharper claws and moderately long legs. Depending on the species, they may vary in size, colors and the presence (or absence) of tail hairs. There is a wide variety of rats with different behaviors, but the most common ones considered to be domestic pests in Quebec are:
- Black rats (Rattus rattus): characterized by being agile climbers that prefer to live in trees, shrubs and dense vegetation. They infest attics, frames or roofs, as well as the upper floors of buildings. They are known as roof rats and have black fur.
- Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus): characterized by building elaborate networks of tunnels and burrows in the ground. They prefer damp areas, such as basements, pipes and the perimeter of buildings. They are known as street rats and have brown or gray fur.
WHAT DO RATS EAT?
Rats are omnivores par excellence. In natural environments, they usually eat seeds, grains, fruits, vegetables and some insects. However, rats that are domestic pests have a broader diet. In urban environments, they feed on everything they find, even garbage or carcasses.
They also consume pet food and almost any human food they find or plunder. For this reason, they are classified as opportunistic or scavenging survivors. Rats are greedy eaters, preferring foods high in fats and sugars that help them stay active.
LIFE AND REPRODUCTIVE CYCLE
Rats are household pests that have a life expectancy of up to 3 years, depending on their environment. With food, water and shelter provided by your property, their lives are made easier. On the other hand, their reproductive capacity is both amazing and worrisome.
A female rat usually gives birth to up to 10 offspring per litter, and they usually give birth to 5 to 6 litters per year! That means that a single female rat can give birth to more than 50 rats. Shocking! And the worst thing is that rats are polygamous, that is, males can copulate with different females.
In addition, these rodents are very fast-growing. From birth to adulthood, rats take about 3 weeks to develop and fend for themselves. At 3 to 5 months, depending on environmental conditions, they will have reached sexual maturity.
This way, they can quickly begin to mate and produce the next generation. In a matter of a year, your property can be nested by hundreds of rats! The reproductive potential of these rodents is alarming, as their population can grow exponentially.
HABITS AND SKILLS OF RATS
Rats are generally very social creatures. A community tends to form very close bonds, so they can reproduce without major problems and collaborate to survive. Their behaviors may vary among species, but most rats are nocturnal.
They are very hardy and can adapt to different environments. They thrive in warm climates and are always alert. These rodents are practical and prefer to invade properties to get water and easy food. About their abilities, rats are skilled in many things and have different talents.
What characterizes them the most is their ability to gnaw everything because of their sharp teeth. They can chew all kinds of hard or rough objects (such as wood, concrete, wires and electrical cables). They are also excellent climbers and incredible swimmers.
Rats can climb trees and power lines without difficulty and can survive up to 3 days in water! They also have a great memory and sense of direction. They remember well where danger is and avoid it. With their whiskers and tails they regulate their body temperature and guide themselves.
For these reasons, rats are a very difficult pest to eradicate, as they have a wide range of skills that help them survive.
THE DANGERS AND DAMAGE CAUSED BY RATS
Rats are very harmful rodents to humans. They are capable of wreaking havoc in many ways, from structural damage to threatening the health of you and your loved ones. Also, because of their habit of gnawing through electrical wiring, they pose a high fire hazard.
On the other hand, rats carry many pathogens, ranging from bacteria, viruses and parasites. They can transmit many deadly diseases through their droppings, urine and bites. With their presence, the risk of contracting typhoid, salmonellosis, jaundice and other conditions increases.
And not to mention the fatal bubonic plague, transmitted by fleas that were hosted by rats during the Middle Ages. They can also trigger allergies and respiratory complications. Also, these rodents can be aggressive and be capable of biting and hurting you.
Their bites can transmit diseases, cause fevers, nausea, vomiting and muscle pain. Terrible, isn’t it? However, the material damage caused by rats is just as serious. Rats can damage your furniture, the infrastructure of your property, your belongings and even your clothes.
Once they have infiltrated, they will contaminate all your food and pantries. They are very persistent and cunning vermin. They will gnaw through everything to get food and make their nests, from wood, pipes, paper, plastic, etc. Not to mention the foul odor of their droppings and urine! It’s really disgusting.
Commercially speaking, rats can also wreak havoc on your business or commercial premises. Their presence can generate economic losses, a bad reputation and even lawsuits. Your business, restaurant or store can be shut down and you will lose the trust of your customers and employees.
WHERE DO RATS NEST AND HIDE?
Depending on the species, rats can hide and invade different places on your property. For example, black rats prefer high places such as ceilings, closets, attics and rafters. On the other hand, Norway rats are often found in sewers, garbage cans, basements and pantries.
In any case, rats will always seek shelter near water sources and exposed food, especially where garbage is located. Kitchens and cellars are almost always their targets. They may also burrow in walls, cracks and unoccupied rooms.
WHY HAVE RATS INVADED MY HOUSE? WHAT ATTRACTS THEM?
Rats can infest your property for a variety of reasons. The main reason is that these rodents seek a cozy shelter to survive in human buildings, especially in winter. Rats can also infest your property if it is untidy, unhygienic and unkempt.
If you leave food out or don’t clean up frequently, don’t be surprised if rats make their way into your home. However, infestations also occur when your property has structural damage. From cracks, crevices and bad plumbing, rats can take advantage of this.
Because they are agile climbers and because of their size, they can easily infiltrate these spaces. They can also invade your home if they find temporary hiding places, such as woodpiles, abandoned sheds, bushes, debris and uninhabited corners and then invade inside.
HOW TO IDENTIFY A RAT INFESTATION?
The signs of a rat infestation are somewhat obvious and easier to identify than other types of household pests. And although they are nocturnal rodents, you will be able to recognize the damage during the day. So let’s review some signs of their presence:
- Noises at night, such as scratching or squeaking, between walls or high areas. You may also hear rats nibbling or scurrying freely in your property.
- Marks and bites on objects, food, wrappings, deposits, clothing and furniture.
- Appearance of contaminated or plundered food in your pantries. Your pets’ food may also be affected.
- Presence of feces and urine. Remember not to handle rat waste without gloves or face protection.
- Burrows and nests in the foundation of your property, in attics, closets or unoccupied rooms. It is usual for these holes to be found near supplies or in gardens.
- Rat tracks on dusty or moldy surfaces.
- Sightings of these rodents at night or during the day (although it is rare to find a rat in broad daylight). But if that is your case, then it is an indicator of a really large rat population.
HOW TO GET RID OF A RAT INFESTATION?
If you have found one or more of the above signs of infestation, then it’s time to act! It certainly won’t be an easy task. Rats are very cunning and sneaky creatures. Also, because of their nocturnal habits they will be difficult to capture or eradicate.
So, in order for you to kick your furry intruders off your property, you can follow the next extermination tips:
PERFORM INTENSIVE SANITATION
The first combative action you should take is to clean and disinfect every corner of your property. Try to dispose of all garbage properly, clean the kitchen, disinfect your pantries and illuminate all uninhabited spaces.
It is essential that you minimize potential sources of food and water that rats can find. Therefore, do not expose food, store it in sealed bins, collect all crumbs and clean up spills. Also clear all clutter to prevent rats from nesting.
SEAL ALL POSSIBLE ACCESSES
To prevent rats from discovering an easy entrance to your property, fill any holes, cracks or crevices in the walls and foundation. It is important that you also repair the plumbing in your home. Any water leaks should be taken care of, as rats can move through the pipes.
Also, tightly cover any containers that may serve as a means of transport or hiding place for rats. Indoors and outdoors, it is vital that you block any blind spots that can be exploited by these rodents. So be sure to inspect the structure of your property thoroughly.
USE RODENTICIDES AND TRAPS
One of the best ways to eliminate a rat infestation is to use baits, traps or over-the-counter chemicals in strategic locations. You can get snap traps, glue traps, cages, electric cells, poison pastes, sprays and countless other anti-rat products.
With proper use, your nasty guests will fall one by one and poison the others. In case you opt for traps, remember to put an attractive bait. And if you use another type of rodenticide, put it near the nests and constantly monitor the progress of the infestation.
Remember to take extra precautions. Try to keep these over-the-counter products out of the reach of your children and pets, as the toxicity can affect their health.
If you want to get the best authorized products against harmful rats, you can find them in our online store! AKL Exterminateur offers you a select catalog of traps, baits and rodenticides totally effective, don’t hesitate to have a look by clicking on the link!
HIRE QUALIFIED EXTERMINATORS
If the infestation of these rodents has gotten out of control and none of the above methods work for you, you should immediately seek professional help. Therefore, do not hesitate to contact us! As AKL Exterminateur, we will design the most appropriate extermination plan for your case.
Our technicians will carefully evaluate every corner of your property, use the authorized chemicals and put in place the total elimination of these opportunistic rodents, their nests and offspring will disappear! We are your best alternative in pest control throughout Quebec!
HOW TO PREVENT THE APPEARANCE OF RATS?
- To safeguard your health, avoid costly property damage and prevent your property from becoming an easy target for rats, prevention is key to keep these rodents away from your property. Don’t give rats a chance to disturb your harmony and well-being!
- Therefore, as AKL Exterminateur we will provide you here some preventive measures that you can follow in your home, office, commercial premises or warehouse. This way, you will not have to suffer because of an infestation of these pernicious rodents.
- Install metal weather stripping under doors and caulk windows.
- Fill cracks in foundations, attics and between walls.
- Repair holes around pipes with steel wool before covering them with putty or plaster.
- Cover your property’s ventilation ducts and vents with fine wire mesh.
- Eliminate places conducive to rodent nests. Remove everything in the way around your house, shed and garage.
- Keep weeds trimmed near your property.
- Place garbage in containers with a tight-fitting lid.
- Lift the piles of wood about 30 cm above the ground and store them away from your house.
- Do not dispose of fatty or oily waste, eggs or dairy products in unsafe containers.
- Eliminate water leaks, such as dripping faucets, leaking pipes and open drains.
- Clean your kitchen frequently. Store your food in airtight bins and tightly closed pantries. The same goes for pet food. Metal and glass containers are best.