Without a doubt, one of the most annoying and unpleasant bugs, which can infest your property, is the German cockroach. These insects are one of the most common household and cosmopolitan pests that invade homes, restaurants, hotels and establishments to survive and feed.
These tenants can cause serious inconvenience, ranging from structural damage to health problems, since through their feces and waste, they transmit pathogenic microorganisms. Not to mention the bad smell, the contamination of your furniture and the invasion of your warehouses and stores.
If you are faced with this annoying plague and want to eradicate it, but don’t know how, or want to ask for professional help, then you have come to the right place!
As AKL Exterminator, experts in extermination and pest control of all kinds, we will provide you here with all the help and knowledge you need, so that you can get rid of the pesky German cockroach for good. In addition, we will provide you with useful tips and preventive measures.
Don’t wait for the infestation to spread, let’s get started!
Everything you need to know about the German cockroach
Before launching a frontal attack, it is necessary to know the enemy in advance. That’s why in this section we will explain everything you need to know about these insects, in order to fight them effectively, starting from their peculiarities, life cycle, weaknesses, etc.
Appearance of the German cockroach
Adult German cockroaches have a flattened body with six legs, antennae and two dark, parallel lines that are marked on the back of their head. Their size varies from 1 to 3 cm long. They are recognizable by their colors, from light brown to dark brown or black.
These cockroaches, like their parents, have wings. However, they rarely fly and move more by running or hovering, when they feel threatened. Nymph cockroaches are darker and always have a band behind their head.
The German cockroach diet
German cockroaches are essentially omnivorous (feeding on both vegetables and meat) and scavengers (feeding on garbage). These insects are particularly attracted to meat, starches, sugars and fatty foods.
Even when food sources are scarce and starvation is rampant in the habitat where they hide, they may eat even household items (soap, glue, toothpaste) and resort to cannibalism, consuming wings, legs or carcasses of other cockroaches.
Reproduction and life cycle
Adult German cockroaches have a short life span. They can survive naturally for 100 to 230 days. On the other hand, their reproduction rate is extremely high, much higher than that of other species of domestic cockroaches. Females can gestate 30 to 40 eggs in one to two months.
The young are stored in an ootheca (egg store) on the female’s abdomen until they hatch. As the eggs are formed, the ootheca is released from the parent’s body. Then, in 1 or 2 days, the nymphs will leave the ootheca and become adults.
This development process takes between 50 and 100 days, depending on environmental conditions. This means that in about 100 days, half of these 30 or 40 nymphs will survive and reproduce again en masse.
This is why these cockroaches are famous, for their ability to reproduce incredibly fast. Many females mate only once, but others, under favorable conditions, can give birth to 4 or 6 roach oothecae in their lifetime!
Where do German cockroaches live and hide?
Identifying the nests and corners where this pest hides is essential to eliminating them. In general, these cockroaches prefer dark, quiet spaces away from people. Since they are nocturnal, they usually appear at night and rarely during the day.
Their flattened bodies allow them to hide in tiny places, cracks and crevices between walls and furniture. In addition, these insects seek out warm and humid environments, such as bathrooms, pipes, under stoves, refrigerators, dishwashers or between walls.
Another detail is that these cockroaches will be attached to sources of food, water and waste, such as garbage cans, containers, basements, warehouses and storage rooms. Virtually any hole in your property will be an ideal den for this pest and its offspring.
Why do German cockroaches spread so quickly?
There are several reasons why German cockroaches infest properties with surprising ease and establish a safe ecological nest. This is due, first of all, to their short and accelerated reproductive cycle, as they reach sexual maturity in a matter of weeks.
Other reasons include the lack of natural predators in human habitat, especially in urban areas. In addition, their ability to hide in very confined and small shelters allows them to survive longer, as well as their high adaptability and resistance to pesticides and chemicals.
How to recognize a German cockroach infestation?
Unlike other pests, identifying an infestation of these cockroaches is easier, especially for pest control professionals. The signs of an infestation are more obvious, starting with the strong, rancid, unpleasant odor they give off (especially if there are many of them).
Other visible signs are cockroach droppings, which come in the form of small peppers, dots or dark, watery spots. These feces can be found in cracks, openings, corners, drawers, furniture and areas of your property.
In addition, the presence of empty capsules or eggshells of young cockroaches is a clear indication that cockroaches have been reproducing at will for several weeks. Finally, if you see several cockroaches running around at night, you have a serious infestation.
What attracts German cockroaches?
The main reasons cockroaches are attracted to a building are either a lack of cleanliness and sanitation or an abundance of food, water and heat sources. Most of these insects only seek a warm, dark place to live, so any home or office can serve as their nest.
How do you get rid of a German cockroach infestation?
There are several methods and products that are helpful in eradicating a German cockroach infestation, although it is always appropriate to call a pest control company. In any case, here are some recommendations you can make to eliminate these insects:
With a good food bait mixed with an insecticide, or with a ready-made pesticide, which you can easily buy in a store, you will quickly attract cockroaches, so they will eat and eventually die. This deadly bait will be shared by the entire cockroach colony and they will disappear.
You need to place this poison bait in holes, crevices and corners where these insects hide. Try to make them attractive and place them in areas where you have seen cockroaches before. The kitchen, bathroom and spaces between furniture are ideal places to get out of this trap.
Use pesticides and household chemicals
Another option for getting rid of cockroaches is to spray, dust or use safe, non-toxic chemicals. We recommend purchasing non-repellent insecticides, pheromone traps, sprays, select powders or insect growth regulators.
Make sure these products are licensed and manufactured for commercial and residential use. Apply them according to the corresponding instructions and sanitary protocols. Try not to mix or use more than one of these products at a time, to avoid unnecessary contamination.
If one has not eradicated the pest, you can use another until you find the right one. Don’t overuse these chemicals for the sake of you and your family. Apply these products only to surfaces you don’t use or touch, keeping them away from food, children, pets or everyday objects.
This will prevent unnecessary toxicity and potential poisoning. You must be very responsible and careful in applying these methods!
Hire professional services
To avoid risks and ensure effective management and elimination of German cockroach infestation, it is best to hire a pest control company to handle your case. These are the professionals who can inspect, evaluate and execute a precise combat plan.
Also, baits and chemicals are often ineffective, as cockroaches do not die and gain resistance against them. In this case, pest exterminators will know what to do, without compromising your health and property.
Pest control companies will give you confidence and security, thanks to their vast experience in these situations. They will also locate the exact source of the pest, act with precision, use the right chemicals, ensure cleanliness and prevent re-infestation of your property.
Take preventive measures
The best way to avoid a German cockroach infestation is prevention. Good hygiene is essential to keep these vermin from invading your home, business or office. You should clean floors and furniture, pick up all trash and crumbs, and vacuum every corner regularly.
Don’t leave food or garbage exposed, keep your garbage cans well protected and put all garbage in its place. Also, seal and fill any cracks or holes in walls or ceilings. Avoid moisture buildup and clear all spaces of things, to prevent cockroaches from finding a hiding place.
Keep all food and pet food well stored in airtight containers or in the refrigerator. Also, check and repair leaky pipes, sinks and drains to eliminate potential entry points for these vermin. Also, get into the habit of cleaning and lighting unoccupied rooms.
With these steps and tips, you can get rid of a German cockroach infestation that is plaguing your property, and avoid an infestation of these pests that cause so much inconvenience and trouble. Remember that controlling these insects will take time and resources, so be patient.
And if you’re suffering because you can’t eradicate a German cockroach infestation on your own and urgently need the help of a pest control company, don’t hesitate to call us! At AKL Exterminator, we are professionals in the extermination and control of all types of pests.
We will help you without saying a word! In addition, we offer different services and products that you can find in our amazing online store, to control all kinds of invaders, from spiders to rodents. We offer our services in the different provinces of Quebec.
You can find us at 5333 Boul. Laurier, suite 128 Terrebonne, J7M 1W1. We guarantee the quality and the warranty of our products and services against any vermin. Do not hesitate to contact us by clicking on the image below! We take calls at any time!